Mardin -The Treasure of History
Mardin is a museum city full of twelfth and thirteenth century examples ofTurkish architecture in harmony with nature. The bird's eye view of theMesopotamian Plain from the historical city, founded on the southern terracesof the hardened oil masses which were active during the geological ages, isvery beautiful. The external facades of the houses in the city are ornamentedlike jewels. Midyat County is known especially for its extremely beautifulhistorical houses and silversmithing. A special silver processing art which wascalled "Filigree" spread throughout Turkey from here. Mardin Castle(tenth century A.D.), the Grand Mosque (twelfth century), the Latifiye Mosque(fourteenth century) and the Kasimiye Madrasah (fifteenth century), located inthe city which is famous for its citadel, mosques and bridges are worth seeing.The Deyrulzaferan Monastery is among the interesting places around the city.The monastery, which is the religious center of the Syrian Christians, has apast of 1600 years. There are the graves of the Syrian patriarchs at themonastery. Another monastery, which was famous for its rich library and whereSyrian scientists were educated, is the Deyrulumur Monastery which wasconstructed on a hill covered with forests.